Can Bearded Dragons Eat Isopods? A Comprehensive Guide

Yes, bearded dragons can eat isopods, although they are not a primary food source in their diet. Isopods, also known as woodlice or pill bugs, are small, crustacean invertebrates that can be an occasional snack for bearded dragons.

However, it is crucial to provide bearded dragons with a balanced diet consisting primarily of vegetables, insects, and occasional fruits. Insects such as crickets, mealworms, and roaches are more common and suitable feeder options for these reptiles. It’s also important to ensure that the isopods come from a safe and pesticide-free environment if fed to your bearded dragon.

What are Isopods?

Isopods, also known as woodlice or pillbugs, are small crustaceans that belong to the order Isopoda. They are found in various habitats, including soil, leaf litter, and decaying wood, and can be found in marine and freshwater environments. Isopods are known for their ability to roll up into a ball when threatened, so they are often called pillbugs.

Isopods are an important part of many ecosystems due to their ability to decompose dead plant material and recycle nutrients. They are also a popular food source for many animals, including bearded dragons. There are many different species of isopods, each with their unique characteristics.

Some common species of isopods include:

●  Dwarf white isopods: These are small, white isopods commonly used as food for bearded dragons, and are easy to care for and provide important nutrition.

●  Orange isopods: These are larger, orange-colored isopods also used as food for bearded dragons, and are a good source of protein and other nutrients.

●  Tropical isopods are larger, more colorful isopods often used in bioactive vivariums, they help to break down waste and keep the environment clean.

Tips: Isopods are a nutritious and easy-to-care-for food source for bearded dragons. However, ensuring the isopods are safe and free of harmful parasites or bacteria is important before feeding them to your bearded dragon.

Are Isopods Safe for Bearded Dragons?

Isopods are small crustaceans that are closely related to shrimp and crabs. They can be found in both marine and freshwater environments, but also in moist terrestrial habitats. Bearded dragons are omnivorous lizards that require a varied diet. Isopods, or woodlice, are an excellent source of protein for bearded dragons.

However, not all isopods are safe for bearded dragons to eat. Some isopods, such as dairy cow isopods, are not nutritionally balanced and can cause health problems for the reptile. Therefore, choosing the right type of isopod for your bearded dragon’s diet is important.

The best isopods for bearded dragons are dwarf white isopods, orange isopods, and tropical isopods. These isopods are safe for your bearded dragon to eat and provide important nutrition. They are easy to care for and can be found in most pet stores that sell reptile food.

It is important to note that isopods should not make up most of your bearded dragon’s diet. While they are a great source of protein, bearded dragons also need a variety of fruits, vegetables, and other sources of nutrients to stay healthy. In addition, isopods should be given as a treat or supplement to their regular diet.

Tips: Isopods can be a safe and healthy addition to your bearded dragon’s diet if you choose the right type and feed them in moderation. Always consult a veterinarian or reptile expert before making major changes to your bearded dragon’s diet.

Benefits of Feeding Isopods to Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are omnivorous, meaning they require a balanced diet of plants and animals to thrive. Despite eating mainly insects and vegetables, bearded dragons can also enjoy the occasional isopod as a treat. Here are some benefits of feeding isopods to bearded dragons:

●  Rich in Protein: Isopods are a good source of protein for bearded dragons, which is essential for their growth and development. Protein also helps maintain muscle mass and supports the immune system.

●  Help with Soil Aeration: Isopods are burrowing creatures that help with soil aeration. When they move through the soil, they create tunnels that allow air and water to penetrate deeper into the substrate.

●  Nutrient Distribution: Isopods also help distribute nutrients throughout the soil. As they feed on decaying organic matter, they break it down into smaller particles, making it easier for plants to absorb the nutrients.

●  Natural Pest Control: Isopods can help control pests in the enclosure. They feed on mites and pest eggs, which can help reduce the risk of infestations.

Bearded dragons can benefit from isopods, but they shouldn’t be the primary source of nutrition. However, bearded dragons still require a balanced diet of insects and vegetables to meet their nutritional needs.

When feeding isopods to bearded dragons, choosing the right species is important and ensuring they are properly prepared. Some species of isopods may not be suitable for bearded dragons, while others may require a specific moisture level or substrate to thrive. Therefore, it’s recommended to consult a veterinarian or experienced reptile keeper before adding isopods to a bearded dragon’s diet.

Tips: feeding isopods to bearded dragons can provide various benefits, including a source of protein, soil aeration, nutrient distribution, and natural pest control. However, it’s important to ensure they are properly prepared and not relied on as the primary source of nutrition.

Risks of Feeding Isopods to Bearded Dragons

Feeding isopods to bearded dragons can pose some risks to their health. Therefore, it is important to be aware of these risks before incorporating isopods into your pet’s diet.

Nutritional Imbalance

Isopods are high in phosphorus, which can cause an imbalance in the calcium to phosphorus ratio of a bearded dragon’s diet. A weak bone and other skeletal problems can result from metabolic bone disease.


Isopods can carry parasites, including tapeworms, which can be passed on to your bearded dragon if they eat infected isopods. This can lead to health problems and require medical treatment.

Humidity Concerns

Isopods require a moist environment to live, which can raise the humidity levels in your bearded dragon’s enclosure. However, bearded dragons require a dry environment, and high humidity levels can increase the risk of respiratory and fungal infections.

Other Health Concerns

Feeding too many isopods to your bearded dragon can also lead to digestive issues, such as diarrhea. Additionally, if the isopods are not properly cleaned and prepared before feeding, they can contain harmful bacteria that can make your pet sick.

Overall, while isopods can be a nutritious addition to a bearded dragon’s diet, it is important to feed them in moderation and take steps to minimize the risks associated with feeding them.

How to Feed Isopods to Bearded Dragons

Feeding isopods to bearded dragons can be a great way to supplement their diet and provide additional nutrients. Here are some tips on how to feed isopods to bearded dragons:

1. Choose the Right Isopods

Not all isopods are safe for bearded dragons to eat. Choosing the right species of isopods that are safe and nutritious for your pet is important. Some of the best species of isopods for bearded dragons include:

●  Dairy Cow Isopods

●  Powder Orange Isopods

●  Giant Canyon Isopods

●  Porcellio Scaber

2. Prepare the Isopods

Before feeding isopods to your bearded dragon, it is important to prepare them properly. You can feed isopods to your bearded dragon alive or dead, but it is recommended to feed them dead isopods to prevent any harm to your pet. You can also gut-load the isopods with nutritious foods like fruits and vegetables to provide additional nutrients to your bearded dragon.

3. Feed in Moderation

While isopods can be a great addition to your bearded dragon’s diet, it is important to feed them in moderation. Too many isopods can lead to an imbalance in your pet’s diet and cause health problems. Therefore, it is recommended to feed isopods to your bearded dragon once or twice a week to supplement their regular diet.

4. Monitor Your Bearded Dragon’s Health

After feeding isopods to your bearded dragon, monitoring their health for any signs of illness or digestive problems is important. If your bearded dragon experiences any health issues after eating isopods, it is recommended to stop feeding them to your pet and consult a veterinarian.

In conclusion, feeding isopods to bearded dragons can be a great way to supplement their diet and provide them with additional nutrients. By choosing the right species of isopods, preparing them properly, feeding in moderation, and monitoring your pet’s health, you can safely and effectively feed isopods to your bearded dragon.