Can Bearded Dragons Eat Wax Worms: The Pros and Cons of Feeding Wax Worms to Bearded Dragons

Yes, bearded dragons can eat wax worms, but they should be fed as an occasional treat rather than a staple food. Wax worms are high in fat and low in calcium, so feeding them too often can lead to health problems such as obesity and metabolic bone disease. They should be offered sparingly, such as five to six worms daily. 

When feeding wax worms to your bearded dragon, it’s essential to ensure they are gut-loaded with nutritious food and dusted with calcium powder to help balance their nutritional content. This will help ensure your bearded dragon receives the appropriate nutrients to maintain health.

As with any new food, it’s essential to monitor your bearded dragon’s reaction to wax worms and watch for any signs of digestive upset or other health issues. If you have concerns about feeding your bearded dragon wax worms, consult a veterinarian or an experienced reptile specialist for further guidance.

The Pros of Feeding Wax Worms to Bearded Dragons

High in Fat

While a high-fat diet is generally not recommended for most animals, including bearded dragons, some may benefit from the high-fat content in wax worms in certain situations. For example, bearded dragons that are underweight or need to gain weight may benefit from a high-fat diet. Wax worms are high in fat and calories and can help these bearded dragons to gain weight and improve overall health.

Also, bearded dragons recovering from illness or injury may benefit from a diet higher in fat and protein. Fat is a rich source of energy, which can help provide the bearded dragon with the extra energy it needs to support the healing process and regain its strength.

Additionally, fat is essential for absorbing and utilizing specific vitamins and nutrients, such as vitamins A, D, E, and K, essential for maintaining a healthy immune system and promoting healing. 

The high-fat content in wax worms can help stimulate a bearded dragon’s appetite, which can be important for encouraging the dragon to eat and take in the nutrients it needs to recover. However, wax worms should still be fed sparingly, and bearded dragons should receive a balanced diet that includes a variety of insects, fruits, and vegetables to ensure they receive all the nutrients they need to maintain health.

High in Protein

Young bearded dragons require more protein to support their rapid growth and development. Therefore, protein is essential for building and repairing tissues and supporting healthy growth and development. 

Additionally, protein is essential for producing enzymes and hormones necessary for many bodily functions, including metabolism, digestion, and immune function. Also, protein is essential for producing keratin, a protein found in the skin, nails, and scales, which is essential for maintaining healthy skin and scales.

Further, protein is an essential nutrient for all animals, including bearded dragons, and it plays a role in various bodily functions, including reproduction. Therefore, adequate protein intake is essential for the growth and development of reproductive organs and tissues and for producing reproductive hormones and enzymes.

However, it’s important to note that while protein is vital for bearded dragon reproduction, other nutrients and factors also play a role. For example, proper environmental conditions, such as temperature and lighting, are essential for stimulating breeding behavior and reproductive processes. 

Variety in the Diet

Wax worms can provide variety to a bearded dragon’s diet as they are a different type of insect than the more common feeder insects, such as crickets, mealworms, and roaches. This can be especially beneficial for bearded dragons that may become bored or disinterested in eating the same types of insects all the time.

It is essential to provide a variety of foods in a bearded dragon’s diet to ensure they receive all the nutrients they need to maintain good health and well-being. In addition, bearded dragons are omnivores, requiring a combination of plant and animal-based foods to meet their nutritional needs.

A varied diet can provide different sources of essential vitamins, minerals, proteins, and other nutrients necessary for a bearded dragon’s growth, immune function, and overall health. By offering a range of foods, such as different types of insects, fruits, vegetables, and leafy greens, bearded dragons can obtain diverse nutrients needed to thrive.

In addition, offering a varied diet can help prevent boredom and encourage a bearded dragon’s natural foraging and hunting behaviors. Providing diverse foods and textures can also help prevent dietary imbalances or deficiencies that can lead to health problems over time.

The Cons of Feeding Wax Worms to Bearded Dragons

High in Fat

While wax worms can provide beneficial fat to bearded dragons, high-fat content can negatively impact their health if fed in excess or as a staple food. In addition, high-fat diets can contribute to obesity in bearded dragons, leading to a range of health problems, such as liver disease, heart disease, and joint problems.

Bearded dragons with a high-fat diet may also experience digestive issues such as diarrhea, bloating, and constipation. High-fat foods can be problematic for the bearded dragon’s digestive system to break down and absorb, leading to undigested fat passing through the digestive tract and resulting in loose or watery stools.

Excessive fat intake can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the bearded dragon’s gut, leading to the overgrowth of harmful bacteria that can cause diarrhea and other digestive issues. Also, if the bearded dragon is not accustomed to high-fat foods, sudden and excessive consumption of wax worms or other high-fat foods can cause digestive upset and diarrhea.

Also, feeding a diet that is too high in fat may lead to a bearded dragon not receiving the appropriate levels of other nutrients such as calcium, vitamins, and minerals, leading to health problems such as metabolic bone disease.

Low in Calcium

Wax worms are a low-calcium feeder insect, and feeding them as a staple food to bearded dragons can harm their health. However, bearded dragons require high calcium levels for bone growth and development. In addition, a diet deficient in calcium can lead to various health problems, including metabolic bone disease, which can be life-threatening.

When bearded dragons consume a diet low in calcium, their bodies may begin to pull calcium from their bones to maintain the appropriate levels in their bloodstream. Over time, this can weaken their bones, making them more prone to fractures and other injuries.

In addition to low calcium levels, wax worms have a poor calcium-to-phosphorus ratio, which can further exacerbate calcium deficiencies in bearded dragons. In addition, a poor calcium-to-phosphorus ratio can interfere with calcium absorption, leading to decreased bone density and an increased risk of metabolic bone disease.


Some bearded dragons may develop an addiction to wax worms because they are high in fat and protein, which can make them highly palatable and rewarding for the lizard. Wax worms also have a soft body, making them easier to digest than other feeder insects.

This addiction can become problematic if the bearded dragon refuses other types of food in favor of wax worms, leading to an unbalanced and inadequate diet. Therefore, it’s essential to provide a varied diet to bearded dragons and not rely solely on wax worms or other food items.

Additionally, overfeeding wax worms can lead to obesity, digestive problems, and other health issues. Hence, it’s essential to offer them as a treat in moderation and to ensure that the bearded dragon’s overall diet is balanced and appropriate for their specific needs.