How Bearded Dragons Get Parasites: Understanding the Causes and Prevention

Bearded dragons can acquire parasites through various means, commonly from their environment or food sources. For example, ingestion contaminated food, such as infected live insects or plants, is one primary way parasites are introduced to their systems. Additionally, contact with dirty surfaces or objects in their enclosure, including feces, can lead to parasite eggs or larvae ingestion.

Parasite populations in bearded dragons can be kept manageable under optimal conditions; however, stress, poor nutrition, and inadequate husbandry practices may contribute to the proliferation of parasites. In addition, regular cleaning enclosures, appropriate diet, and veterinary check-ups are crucial for minimizing the risk of parasitic infections in these reptiles.

How Bearded Dragons Get Parasites

Bearded dragons are susceptible to various parasites, which can cause serious health problems if left untreated. In this section, we will explore how bearded dragons can get parasites.

Contaminated Food and Water

One of the most common ways that bearded dragons get parasites is through contaminated food and water. Parasites can be present in the food and water that bearded dragons consume, especially if not properly cleaned or sanitized. Bearded dragons can also get parasites from eating contaminated insects or other animals.

Bearded dragon owners must ensure that their food and water is clean and free from parasites. This can be achieved by thoroughly washing vegetables and fruits before feeding them to the bearded dragon, and using clean water sources.

Insects and Other Animals

Bearded dragons love to eat insects, but this can also be a source of parasites. Insects can carry parasites that can infect the bearded dragon when consumed, therefore ensuring that the insects fed to bearded dragons are healthy and parasite-free is important.

Bearded dragons can also get parasites from other animals. If a bearded dragon comes into contact with an infected animal, it can also become infected. This can happen if the bearded dragon is housed with other animals or taken outside.


Bearded dragons can also get parasites from their environment. Parasites can be present in the substrate, decorations, and other items in the bearded dragon’s enclosure. Therefore, it is important to regularly clean and sanitize the bearded dragon’s enclosure to prevent the buildup of parasites.

Bearded dragons can get parasites from contaminated food and water, insects and other animals, and their environment. Therefore, bearded dragon owners must prevent parasites, such as washing food and water sources, ensuring that insects are healthy, and regularly cleaning the dragon’s enclosure.

Symptoms of Parasites in Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are popular pets that require proper care and attention to maintain good health. One of the most common health issues that bearded dragons face is parasitic infections. Parasites live in or on another organism and feed on it to survive. Bearded dragons can get parasites from various sources, including contaminated food, water, substrate, and other infected animals.

Parasitic infections can cause a wide range of symptoms in bearded dragons. Some of the most common symptoms of parasites in bearded dragons include:

●  Weight Loss: Parasites can cause bearded dragons to lose weight rapidly, as they consume the nutrients that the dragon needs to survive.

●  Lethargy: Infected bearded dragons may become lethargic and less active than usual, as parasites can cause weakness and fatigue.

●  Diarrhea: Parasites can cause bearded dragons to have loose, watery stools containing blood or mucus.

●  Loss of Appetite: Infected bearded dragons may lose their appetite and refuse to eat, as parasites can cause nausea and discomfort.

●  Dehydration: Parasites can cause bearded dragons to become dehydrated, as they can disrupt the absorption of water and nutrients in the digestive system.

●  Skin Irritation: Some parasites, such as mites, can cause irritation and itching in bearded dragons.

It is important to note that not all parasitic infections in bearded dragons will cause symptoms. Some infections may be asymptomatic, meaning the dragon may not show any signs of illness. However, even asymptomatic infections can harm the dragon’s health and should be treated promptly.

In case your bearded dragon is suffering from a parasitic infection, it is important for you to seek the assistance of a reptile specialist veterinarian. For example, a veterinarian can diagnose the parasite type and recommend a treatment plan to help your bearded dragon recover.

Preventing Parasites in Bearded Dragons

Bearded dragons are susceptible to various parasites, including mites, ticks, and worms. These parasites can cause various health problems, from mild irritation to serious illness. Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to prevent parasites in your bearded dragon.

Quarantine New Bearded Dragons

When introducing a new bearded dragon into your household, it is important to quarantine them for at least 30 days. This will help prevent the spread of parasites or diseases that the new dragon may carry. Keep the new dragon in a separate enclosure during the quarantine period, and avoid handling them without gloves. Clean and disinfect your hands, clothing, and any equipment used with the new dragon before interacting with your other dragons.

Clean the Enclosure Regularly

Regular cleaning of the enclosure is crucial in preventing parasites. Be sure to remove feces, uneaten food, and shed skin from the enclosure daily. Use a pet-safe disinfectant to clean all enclosure surfaces, including the substrate, décor, and food and water dishes. Replace the substrate regularly, as cleaning may not remove all parasites. Avoid overcrowding the enclosure, as this can increase the risk of parasite transmission.

Feed Your Bearded Dragon a Balanced Diet

A healthy diet is essential in preventing parasites in bearded dragons. Offer a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables and live insects that have been gut-loaded with nutritious food. Avoid feeding wild-caught insects, as they may carry parasites. Use calcium and vitamin supplements to ensure your dragon gets all the necessary nutrients. Be sure to clean and disinfect food and water dishes regularly.

Following these preventative measures can help keep your bearded dragon healthy and parasite-free. Regular veterinary check-ups are also recommended to monitor your dragon’s health and detect potential parasite infections early on.

Treating Parasites in Bearded Dragons

When treating parasites in bearded dragons, it is essential to seek veterinary care. A veterinarian will diagnose the type of parasite and prescribe the appropriate medication. In some cases, isolation and quarantine may be necessary to prevent the spread of parasites.

Veterinary Care

A reptile veterinarian will perform a fecal exam to determine the type of parasite present in the bearded dragon. The veterinarian may also perform a physical exam to check for signs of illness or injury. Once the type of parasite is diagnosed, the veterinarian will prescribe the appropriate medication.


The medication the veterinarian prescribes will depend on the type of parasite present in the bearded dragon. Common medications used to treat parasites in bearded dragons include dewormers and antiprotozoal agents. Therefore, it is essential to follow the veterinarian’s instructions carefully and complete the full course of medication to ensure the parasite is fully eradicated.

Isolation and Quarantine

In some cases, isolation and quarantine may be necessary to prevent the spread of parasites. If the bearded dragon lives with other reptiles, it is essential to separate them during treatment. In addition, the bearded dragon may need to be isolated for a period to prevent the spread of parasites to other animals.

During treatment, keeping the bearded dragon’s enclosure clean and disinfected is important. Any bedding or substrate should be replaced regularly, and the enclosure should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after each treatment.

In conclusion, treating parasites in bearded dragons requires veterinary care, medication, and isolation or quarantine in some cases. Therefore, following the veterinarian’s instructions carefully and keeping the bearded dragon’s enclosure clean and disinfected during treatment is important.