When Do Rabbits Mate: Rabbit’s Reproduction, Mating, and Breeding Process

Rabbits mate starting in late March up until September. During the mating season, rabbits will roam around searching for a mate. They do this by hopping around and making various song noises. In the wild, rabbits mate in the springtime and give birth to a litter of around five pups. Once they are weaned, the mother rabbit will take care of her young until they reach maturity. 

Rabbit Reproduction

Rabbits are adorable little creatures that are known for their reproductive capabilities. Here are four key facts about rabbit reproduction that you need to know: 

  • Young rabbits can leave their mother’s home within a few hours after being born, so be prepared for lots of running! 
  • Litters size between 1 and 5 offspring, with babies weighing 1-1.5 ounces at birth. 
  • The gestation period for rabbits is about 31-32 days long – which means they deliver their young in mid-May or early June. 
  • Rabbits mate in the springtime, typically around the beginning of April.


A lot is going on in a rabbit’s body during puberty. This period of significant change can include an increase in testosterone levels and body size. Depending on the rabbit’s personality and reproductive status, puberty can take anywhere from 3 to 6 months. 

During mating season, rabbits can become more aggressive towards other rabbits, so it’s essential to be aware of pubertal changes and breeding seasons to ensure a peaceful breeding ground. Finally, when rabbits reach sexual maturity, they have completed puberty.


Rabbit’s mating season is an exciting time for them! During this time, the mother rabbit will give birth to her young and nurse them until they are ready to fend for themselves. Then, about two months later, female rabbits undergo parturition. 

Parturition is an exciting time for the rabbits, as it signifies growth and change! Then, about four weeks later, the babies will be weaned and able to live independently. So keep an eye out for your rabbit colony to see the gradual changes!

Rabbit Milk

Rabbit milk has high levels of the protein casein, which is beneficial for overall health. It is also a good source of minerals zinc and selenium and has anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, rabbit milk is excellent for pregnant women and nursing mothers as it provides the baby with the proper nutrients.

Difference Between Female and Male Rabbits

Knowing the difference between female and male rabbits is an essential first step when choosing a rabbit as a pet. Female rabbits are more giant overall, with rounder backsides, while males have longer fur and their testicles (balls) are usually darker in color. 

To keep a rabbit as a pet, you will need to know the difference between male and female rabbits because cross-breeding them can result in offspring that are not normal or healthy.

Female Rabbits

Female rabbits will mate when they are about six months old. Once mating is complete, the female rabbit will start to eat more fiber and vegetables to help her recover. The mating process can be pretty sexual and intense for the female rabbit, so make sure she’s in the best shape possible before heading into the rabbit hole! After mating, the female rabbit may eat a lot of hay to help her recover. 

Reason Behind Rabbit Breeding

Rabbits are entering the breeding phase and will experience periods of restlessness followed by vigorous activity. This is when proestrus starts and lasts for around three days. Proestrus is when they enter the breeding phase and consists of periods of restlessness followed by vigorous activity. 

During this time, the rabbits are breeding in the spring, just like other mammals, in that they are horny and looking for a partner. After proestrus, diestrus starts and lasts for around two days. 

Diestrus is when mating has stopped, but progesterone levels remain high so that conception can occur if conditions are right. Lastly, estrus lasts around two days and is when the rabbits will become excited and may mount each other.

If you’re interested in breeding rabbits, there are a few things you need to know to get started. 

  • First, check out some reputable websites that can give you tips on breeding rabbits. 
  • Next, use breeding to create new color varieties or different sizes of rabbits. The process is pretty simple; you can do it yourself if you can access a male and female rabbit. 
  • Finally, breeding rabbits is a great way to improve the quality of your rabbit population. If you do it right, breeding rabbits can be a fun and rewarding experience that you’ll enjoy for years to come!

To Create More Pets

There is no doubt that rabbits are captivating creatures and make great pets. They require very little care in the home, reproduce quickly, and can be found for sale online. So if you’re considering getting a rabbit as a pet, breeding them is the best way. This will give you more rabbits to love and care for!

To Make an Income

There are many ways to make an income from rabbits. For example, you are breeding them to create new generations, selling them as pets, or earning money from their rabbit care routine. Therefore, having a good rabbit care routine in place is essential if you want your rabbits to live long and healthy lives. This will ensure they stay calm and relaxed, which is why rabbits often become ill.

The Process of Breeding Rabbits

Select Two Rabbits

  • Breeding rabbits is a relatively simple process that can be done indoors or outdoors. 
  • Once you have selected your rabbits, it’s time to prepare them for breeding by spaying or neutering them. 
  • You must choose two compatible rabbits with similar temperaments to achieve successful breeding results. 
  • The best time to breed rabbits is during the spring and summer when they are in their fertile phase (usually around eight weeks).

Do Not Use Siblings

Sibling rabbits may be cute when they’re young, but breeding them can lead to problems. Not only will they compete for breeding privileges and may end up fighting, but their offspring will also be of poor quality. 

Instead, choose rabbits of the same sex with similar markings to help reproduction. If rabbit breeding is something you want to do in the future, make sure you go through a qualified breeder who knows what they’re doing. So keep your rabbits in a secure environment and never let them access inside – this way, they’ll stay healthy and safe.

Other Related Pairs Are OK

Apart from breeding rabbits, you can also pair them up with other related animals, such as guinea pigs or hamsters. However, make sure that they are compatible first! If not, your rabbit may end up lonely and unhappy. 

As for the mating process itself – it all depends on the fertility of the rabbits and how well you look after them during breeding time. Breeding rabbits is a process that requires patience and love – so do take care of your furry friends properly to have a rewarding experience!

Stay Healthy

Keeping rabbits healthy and well-behaved is essential for the rabbit owner. Here are a few tips to help make sure this happens: 

  • Keep their food and water clean and available at all times – make sure they have access to fresh vegetables, fruit, water dishes, etc. 
  • Make sure their cages are clean and filled with fresh straw, hay, and plant matter – rabbits love to burrow, so making their cage cozy will keep them happy. 
  • If you want to breed rabbits, keeping them healthy before the breeding season begins (around Spring/Fall in the Northern Hemisphere) is essential. You can keep them on a nutritious diet and regular vet checkups.

Focus on One Trait

It is essential to focus on one trait and improve it as much as possible to produce rabbits with the desired characteristic. For example, if you want your rabbits to be productive breeders, you must improve their fertility and gestation period. 

Similarly, focusing on those traits would be the best way forward if you’re looking for a rabbit with a short lifespan or vigorous breeding capabilities. Selecting the right rabbit for breeding is also something that cannot be done blindly – genetics play a significant role in determining whether or not an animal will prove successful in reproduction. 

Stick to the Same Rabbit Breed

Choosing the right rabbit breed can be a daunting task. It is essential to stick to rabbits of the same breed for breeding purposes, as this will increase your chances of success. Breeding rabbits is an easy process if you follow these simple steps: 

  • Identify which female rabbit is ready to have babies and mate her with a male rabbit of the desired breed; 
  • Inseminate the female using fresh or frozen semen from the male rabbit; 
  • Monitor gestation by checking litter size, nipping any young that are born (to prevent over-population), and finally;
  • Transfer them to their cage when they are weaned at around six weeks old. If you’re trying to produce offspring from a different breed, your chances of success are slim at best!