Where Does the Squirrel Live: Facts About the Habitat of This Rodent

Squirrels can be found in many different parts of the world. Their habitats greatly vary depending on the type of squirrel. While they typically live in the upper stories of trees, near the top where it’s warm and sheltered, black squirrels do not live exclusively on tree tops. These furry friends can live in any area, including urban areas. They’re excellent climbers and will use any area available, from treetops to power lines.

Where Different Types of Squirrels Live in the US

Squirrels are common inhabitants in most parts of the United States, but their distribution changes depending on the season. In the summer, squirrels can be found in gardens and parks, while in the winter, they move to protected areas such as trees or buildings. 

Flying Squirrels

Flying squirrels are small rodents that live in trees. Unlike other rodents, flying squirrels can glide through the air. These squirrels are native to North America. And are present in most states but cannot be found in Hawaii. 

Flying squirrel

Red Squirrels

Red squirrels are cute and furry creatures found all over the United States, but they are particularly abundant on the east coast. These little rodents eat a lot of nuts so that they can become nuisance pests in some areas. 

Cute little red squirrel in the park

However, red squirrels are adaptable and can live in many different habitats – even in urban settings. As a result, their population is decreasing due to habitat loss and hunting, so learning more about them would help preserve their populations.

Grey Squirrels

The grey squirrel is an adaptable North American squirrel that can live in various habitats. It mainly eats nuts, but as they are omnivores, they also eat a variety of things, including insects, seeds, and fruit, if available.

Grey squirrels are one of the most common squirrels in the United States. When homes are built close to trees, grey squirrels may choose to live there instead of searching for new territory. 

Grey squirrel closeup

They are found mainly in the eastern part of the country, where their adaptability has helped them survive against human interference.

In addition, they are active during the day and go into hiding at night to avoid predators like hawks and cats. Their typical lifespan in the wild is about six years, but they can survive up to 20 years in captivity.

Black Squirrels

Black squirrels are omnivorous rodents that can be found in towns and cities as well as suburban areas. These squirrels are mainly active during the day and typically forage for food in trees or on the ground. 

Black squirrel with a nut in its mouth on a fence

They also consume various foods, including nuts, seeds, and fruit. In addition, black squirrels inhabit the eastern half of the US, where they reside primarily in forests but will venture out into open fields during wintertime to find food.

Tree Squirrels

Tree squirrels are resistant to the cold and can be found throughout most North America. These squirrels are fascinating creatures that play an essential role in their ecosystem. If you see a tree squirrel in your area, please don’t disturb it!

Tree squirrel paused on a tree branch

Fox Squirrels

These animals are native to Eastern America and can be found in many parts of the continent. In the wild, they eat various nuts and seeds, but in captivity, they mainly consume seed pellets. 

Fox squirrel (sciurus niger) in the snow

Squirrel Habitats in Special Situations

During the Winter

In the winter, squirrels usually find dens and crevices to sleep in or inside buildings if there are no suitable trees nearby; however, they may explore other places if necessary. 

Make sure you squirrel-proof your garden this winter by installing a barrier around your plants! 


Squirrels live in trees, so it’s likely they live underground. Some squirrels are even known to dig up their own homes.

When in the City

Squirrels are common inhabitants of the city and for a good reason. They can find food and shelter easily and are often seen scurrying around high-up places like buildings and trees. 

When it’s cold outside, squirrels often seek shelter inside homes or businesses. Try not to feed them too much, as that could disrupt their instincts. So keep an eye out for squirrels in your city, and be sure to learn about their habits so you can peacefully coexist with them!

Why Squirrels Usually Live in Trees

Squirrels live in trees because it enhances their advantage over other animals in escaping danger. A squirrel’s verticality allows it to jump great distances, giving it the edge in avoiding predators or getting food. 

A healthy tree is also vital for providing food and shelter, so squirrels will often reside in one particular area. Squirrels need trees to live because they rely on the canopy for protection from the weather and predators. 

Squirrels’ Habitat Considerations


Squirrels require a safe place to explore their surroundings. Trees, in particular, are an essential part of squirrels’ lives. They help the rodents access fresh fruit and vegetables, create natural shelters during harsh weather conditions, and protect them from predators such as foxes or snakes.

Food Availability

Squirrels live in areas where there are abundant food sources. They can store food in their cheeks (similar to how humans store food in our stomachs), which is excellent as it enables them to survive during hard times when there’s not much available. Additionally, squirrels can jump high to reach the tree branches where the food is located!